Attainment progression in the Skills Checklists is outlined through phases in the learning process. This will allow teachers to observe and record different aspects of teaching and the student learning progress (see ‘About and Guidelines’).

This attainment progression is based on a hierarchy of phases of skills development described by Haring et al (1981)*. The phases of attainment used in this hierarchy are described below:

[Click here ... to download a version of this page in MS Word - 54Kb]

ACQUIRING

Acquisition
in which learners learn correct new responses through demonstration, modelling or physical prompting with an emphasis on developing accuracy. At this stage learners need a great deal of support.

ATTAINING

Fluency
in which learners, through repetition, reach a level of mastery combining speed and accuracy. The action still takes time to complete.
Maintenance
in which learners consolidate and maintain a high level of competency and fluency over time by over learning through repetition and familiarity. They will remember how to do the task after a break.
Generalisation
in which learners develop and achieve mastery in different settings or contexts, with different stimuli or materials or with different staff.

EXTENDING

Application 
in which learners recognise similarities and differences between key elements of new situations and select appropriate responses.

Adaptation
in which learners adapt their established skills and understandings to new problem-solving opportunities.

 

*Haring, N., Liberty, K. and White, O. (1981) An Investigation of Phases of Learning and Facilitating Instructional Events for the Severely / Profoundly Handicapped (final project report). Seattle: University of Washington College of Education.